If you are a new homeowner, or simply new to the landscaping and gardening world, you will soon discover that trees are an important part of your property, and require routine care in order to grow and thrive to their full capacity. One place to start when it comes to tree care is terminology. By reviewing some common tree care terms, you will better understand your research and be better prepared to discuss your tree care needs with a professional. Continue reading and you will find a helpful glossary full of need-to-know tree care terms used for residential and commercial tree service.
Tree Care Terminology
Tree care is phrase used to describe the requirements and process for maintaining healthy, thriving trees. This includes routine inspections for pests, insects, and tree diseases, as well as, routine tree trimming, pruning, fertilizing, watering, and more. Already a bit confused? Don’t worry! These terms, along with a few others, will be covered below!
Crown or “Canopy” – This is the upper part of a tree. It is measured from the lowest branch to the longest, most outward branch, and again to the highest point of the tree. This includes all branches, leaves, and foliage.
Tree Trimming – Shortening the limbs and twigs of trees for the purpose of adding light and air flow, removing dead or disease branches, reducing obstructions, promoting new growth, and more.
Tree Pruning – Selectively removing branches or stems for the betterment of the whole tree. This is done for the same purposes as trimming.
Tree Thinning – This is a preferred method of tree pruning. Selectively removing interior growth and thinning out branch tips.
Tree Shaping – To selectively trim foliage and branches of trees to achieve an appealing or desired shape.
Tree Topping – To completely remove all top portions of a tree. It is considered by many to be an unnecessary and highly-detrimental practice.
Tree Pollard – This is a drastic means of tree pruning that involves the removal of all green growth and foliage, giving trees a “hat rack” appearance.
Shirt Raise – To prune only the lower branches and foliage of trees. This enables better access, reduces obstructions, and promotes more sunlight.
CODIT – Compartmentalization of Decay in Trees.
Dead-Wooding – Removing all dead, dying or diseased branches, twigs, limbs, and growth on a tree.
Root Prune – Severing sections of tree roots that pose hazardous or structural threats to its surroundings.
Stump Grinding – Shaving or cutting down a tree stump so that it is ground level.
Stump Removal – Extracting a whole tree stump from the ground.
Deep Root Fertilization – Inserting a probe (soil needle) 8 to 12 inches into the soil below the base of a tree, and then injecting a liquid fertilizer directly to the root system to provide additional nutrients for a tree.
Tree Spraying – To spray liquid insecticides and fungicides on trees to protect from pest infestations and tree diseases.
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